Limited flexibility in federal land management policy because of codified prescriptions and assumptions often based on long-term averages in a highly variable system, and applied on individual pastures or allotments with limited acknowledgement of how those units relate to other areas or resources within the ranch or landscape.
Concern by private land owners that decisions about management on their deeded lands will be dictated by others and limit their enterprise flexibility.
Insufficient monitoring approaches to provide objective and timely information at relevant scales including ecological, economic, and social outcomes.
Increased time and resources needed for planning and monitoring to accomplish outcome-based approaches. Time and money will also be needed for initial investments (e.g., infrastructure, livestock numbers, base-line assessments) to enact proposed management approaches.
Uncertainty associated with significant change and the unknown risks to economics goals, ecological condition and vulnerability to litigation.
Cultures and traditions in land management agencies, the livestock industry, and others that may be difficult to change.
Mutual mistrust among land managers, producers, conservationists, and environmental activists.
Challenge of creating a shared vision and among multiple property owners and agencies with different processes and goals.
Limited public understanding and appreciation for how intact working landscapes and proper stewardship lead to sustainable rangelands and the human communities that rely on them.